Background on U.S.-China relationship tension
Ever since former National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger made his historic trip to China in 1971, U.S. policy toward China involved cooperating with them and using dialogue to encourage further liberalization of their system and to reduce other tensions. This helped lead to China’s integration into the global economy, with China becoming a major U.S. trading partner. However, this failed to resolve fundamental differences on issues ranging from human rights to the role of the state (and the Chinese Communist Party) in the economy. China has also proven its willingness to use its economic power to advance a vision for Asia and the world that often conflicts with U.S. interests. With a growing trade deficit, concerns over intellectual property rights, and building negative sentiment toward China, President Trump launched a tariff-based trade war in 2018 that quickly expanded to encompass technology and finance.