You’ve worked hard to build up your nest egg and find yourself in a position where you can enjoy a comfortable retirement and also leave a legacy.
Your goal may be to pass more of your wealth on to your beneficiaries and less to the IRS. Using an asset-repositioning strategy to another vehicle, such as a life insurance policy, may be a way to help you do it.
How Does Asset-Repositioning Work?
When you apply this strategy, you exchange one of your existing investments for life insurance, which may be more tax efficient, depending on your circumstances.
Let’s look at a few strategies one could consider using to reposition assets.
An assumption most investment professionals use is that, over time, more conservative, or short-term, investments will typically return less than more aggressive, or longer-term holdings. (There are periods during which this assumption may not hold.) By repositioning a portion of your lower-yielding securities into life insurance, you could possibly help your heirs receive a larger inheritance.
Here’s an example of how the strategy works: Money market & CD yields in 2022 were approximately 0.5%. If these lower-yielding dollars were repositioned into life insurance, the leveraged tax-free gain would likely be higher than the current yield on short-term investments.
Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs) From Retirement Assets
Once you reach age 73, the IRS mandates that you start taking distributions from any of your Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs), or be subject to a 50% penalty. Many people use their RMDs to pay for living expenses. However, if you don’t need
(or want) this excess income, the asset-repositioning strategy could prove to be beneficial if your goal is to leave a legacy.
You can repurpose the RMDs, and use the distributions to pay life insurance premiums. This can be especially beneficial in light of the Secure Act. As of January 1, 2020, most "non-spousal” beneficiaries must now take full distribution of the Inherited IRA within 10 years. This means that the entire balance of the IRA is fully taxable (at the beneficiary’s tax bracket) within 10 years. This IRS ruling can place a large unintended tax burden on the IRA holder’s heirs. Tax-free life insurance proceeds could possibly help mitigate that tax liability.
Your heirs will receive the proceeds of the life insurance policy.
There are two potential advantages here:
- The death benefit has the potential to be larger than the total of the RMDs used to pay for the insurance.
- The death benefit payment is usually free of federal taxes, so your heirs shouldn’t get bumped into a higher tax bracket because of their inheritance.
Annuity Policies With Income-Rider Guarantees
Some investors purchase annuity contracts to provide a level of safety for future income needs. They may also add riders that provide a guaranteed income level through their life span.
Once this kind of rider is in a contract, most annuity providers don’t allow it to be removed. The result is that the policy holders end up paying extra fees for something they don’t need (at least when market performance is strong).
If you find yourself in this situation, you could consider taking distributions from the annuity and then funding a life insurance policy with the annual proceeds. It's important to be aware that you might face current tax ramifications for these withdrawals.
Alternatively, you could take the after-tax distributions to replace an asset that’s tax-inefficient (ordinary income on gains from the annuity) with life insurance, which is a more tax-efficient strategy (tax-free upon death).
Potential advantages include:
- Reduce your taxable estate without giving up your desire to leave a legacy for beneficiaries.
- Increase the benefits for your heirs by using life insurance for a larger, tax-free legacy.
- Decrease a current or future tax burden for yourself, or for your heirs.
- Know How Each Asset Will be Taxed at Death
The table below shows the taxation at death by asset class (based on current federal tax laws):
|Investment Category||Income Tax||Estate Tax|
|IRAs/401(k)s (excluding Roth IRAs)||Yes||Yes|
|Immediate Annuity (SPIA)||No||No|
Working With Janney
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Contact us today to discuss how we can put a plan in place designed to help you reach your financial goals.
This is for informative purposes only and in no event should be construed as a representation by us or as an offer to sell, or solicitation of an offer to buy any securities. The factual information given herein is taken from sources that we believe to be reliable, but is not guaranteed by us as to accuracy or completeness. Opinions expressed are subject to change without notice and do not take into account the particular investment objectives, financial situation, or needs of individual investors. Employees of Janney Montgomery Scott LLC or its affiliates may, at times, release written or oral commentary, technical analysis, or trading strategies that differ from the opinions expressed within. Janney makes no representation that an individual will obtain gains or losses similar to those illustrated. The concepts illustrated here have legal, accounting and tax implications.
Janney Montgomery Scott LLC, its affiliates, and its employees are not in the business of providing tax, regulatory, accounting, or legal advice. These materials and any tax-related statements are not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used or relied upon, by any taxpayer for the purpose of avoiding tax penalties. Any such taxpayer should seek advice based on the taxpayer’s particular circumstances from an independent tax advisor.
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