Back in our grandparents’ day, retirement didn’t require a lot of planning. You retired at age 65 and could pretty much count on a solid guaranteed monthly income stream (from the combination of Social Security and a company pension) to cover your essential expenses such as food, shelter, and clothing.

This allowed most people to use their personal savings and investments to generate income for other non-essential expenditures like entertainment and travel.

With most retirements lasting only 10-15 years, the investment landscape was simpler as well. You could afford to build a purely income-focused portfolio—drawing down 4-5% of your assets each year—and the likelihood of running out of money was remote.

Today, however, Americans are living significantly longer lives. In fact, there’s a 50% chance that at least one member of a healthy 65-year-old couple will live to age 92 or beyond.1 That means you need to be prepared for a retirement that could last 30 years or longer.

Further complicating this equation is the gradual shift that’s taken place over the years from employer-funded pension plans to employee-funded 401(k) plans. As recently as 1980, 84% of all retirees were covered by an employer pension plan. Today, that number has dropped to 26% (and just 16% of private sector workers).2

Responsibility for funding the lion’s share of retirement income is increasingly being left up to each individual.

So how can investors better prepare for this new reality?

A Fresh Perspective

First and foremost, it’s important to acknowledge that you need to take a more active role in managing your retirement assets. Planning for a 30-year retirement means structuring your portfolio not only to provide enough short-term income, but also making sure that those assets you won’t need to touch for another decade or two keep growing.

Unlike previous generations, you can’t just transition your entire portfolio holdings to income-producing bonds and dividend-producing stocks as retirement nears. It’s not practical to have longer-term assets you won’t need to touch for another 10+ years invested the same way as assets you’ll be drawing down early in retirement. Both longevity risk and inflation risk require a longer-term perspective. Being too conservative can hurt. Decades of inflation can do serious damage to your portfolio—especially with interest rates currently near historic lows!

This is where a total return strategy comes in—seeking to strike an optimal balance between income and price appreciation to give you greater portfolio diversification, enhanced tax flexibility, and more income for a longer lifetime. How does the strategy work?

  • Based on your short-term income requirements, you and your Janney Financial Advisor determine a high-level asset allocation.
  • Instead of all fixed income, perhaps you and your advisor decide to allocate 40% of your portfolio to bonds and 60% to a diverse mix of stock funds.
  • This allows part of your portfolio to keep growing while the other part generates income.
  • Even if the stock market experiences a major correction, those assets won’t be needed for short-term income; they’ll have years to recover in value.
  • And depending on market conditions, you can dynamically adjust where you draw income from each year. For instance, if the stock market is soaring, you may decide to sell some shares (generating income) to bring your allocation back in line.

As with any portfolio, you’ll want to rebalance your assets on an annual basis (or whenever your needs, goals, or circumstances change) to maintain your desired allocation. But rebalancing of total return portfolios also allows you to align your assets with your expected upcoming variable expenses for the year ahead—as well as consider the tax implications of liquidating various assets.

Additional Considerations

In order to reduce the pressure on their retirement savings to generate income, many investors turn to income annuities as an additional source of guaranteed lifetime income that can augment Social Security (in much the same way as pensions did for previous generations).

What’s more, by allocating a portion of your retirement portfolio to an income annuity, it gives you the freedom to be somewhat less conservative with the rest of your assets in pursuit of growth.

Don’t Go It Alone

After decades of saving and investing, it requires very different skills to convert all those income sources (Social Security, pension, tax-deferred 401(k) and IRA accounts, tax-free Roth IRAs, and taxable savings and brokerage accounts) into an income stream. Your Janney Financial Advisor can help you translate your needs into a thoughtful, comprehensive plan. And because different types of accounts have different tax rules, you’ll also want your tax attorney to weigh in and help you understand how and when it will be most advantageous to withdraw from each type of account.

Working With Janney

Depending on your financial needs and personal preferences, you may opt to engage in a brokerage relationship, an advisory relationship or a combination of both. Each time you open an account, we will make recommendations on which type of relationship is in your best interest based on the information you provide when you complete or update your client profile.

When you engage in an advisory relationship, you will pay an asset-based fee which encompasses, among other things, a defined investment strategy, ongoing monitoring, and performance reporting. Your Financial Advisor will serve in a fiduciary capacity for your advisory accounts.

For more information about Janney, please see Janney’s Relationship Summary (Form CRS) on www.janney.com/crs, which details all material facts about the scope and terms of our relationship with you and any potential conflicts of interest.

By establishing a relationship with us, we can build a tailored financial plan and make recommendations about solutions that are aligned with your best interest and unique needs, goals, and preferences.

Contact us today to discuss how we can put a plan in place designed to help you reach your financial goals.

1. Society of Actuaries Mortality Tables, November 2020

2. Source: EBRI Employee Benefits Databook, 2019

Janney Montgomery Scott LLC, its affiliates, and its employees are not in the business of providing tax, regulatory, accounting, or legal advice. These materials and any tax-related statements are not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used or relied upon, by any taxpayer for the purpose of avoiding tax penalties. Any such taxpayer should seek advice based on the taxpayer’s particular circumstances from an independent tax advisor.

About the author

Kenneth Couser

Director of Financial Planning

Read more from Kenneth Couser

For more information about Janney, please see Janney’s Relationship Summary (Form CRS) on www.janney.com/crs which details all material facts about the scope and terms of our relationship with you and any potential conflicts of interest.

To learn about the professional background, business practices, and conduct of FINRA member firms or their financial professionals, visit FINRA’s BrokerCheck website: http://brokercheck.finra.org/